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Since 1992, decentralisation policy has sought to strengthen local governance structures by devolving service delivery, promoting participation and empowering local people. 

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MAAIF HQ’s responsibility in this regard is to support and build capacity district authorities so that they can better deliver regulatory and quality assurance services and can collect agricultural statistics and information.
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This is done through two Vote Functions in the annual budget. Under the Agriculture Advisory Services Vote Function, funding is provided to the districts:
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  1.  To increase farmer access to improved technologies, advisory service delivery, and “proactive participation in value chain development for profitable agricultural production”, and;
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  3. To empower farmers to demand for advisory services and technologies, and quality assurance services.
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 Under the District Production Services Vote Function, funding is provided to:
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  1. strengthen Local Government capacity in the delivery of services relating to regulatory services, quality assurance services, agriculture statistics and information, and capacity building for local governments;
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  3.  strengthen disease, pest and vector control and quality assurance services; improve the agriculture statistics and information system; and build capacity in local government. 
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The reality is that the link between MAAIF HQ and the districts is very weak, exacerbated by the limited numbers of staff. The current MAAIF HQ establishment has a total of 411 positions out of which only 279 (67 percent) are filled. Even where the positions are filled, the established posts are not sufficient to meet the minimum numbers necessary to cultivate the links. This is especially critical in regard to the regulatory and pest and disease control functions, which require minimum resources for effective execution of the function.
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The major link with the districts is through NAADS where the parish, district and sub-county councils have assessment and general oversight roles and are expected to supervise counterpart financial contributions and NAADS’ performance. NAADS’ link at the district level is through the District Production Departments, which are supervised by the Production Committee (comprised of councillors). As the Impact Evaluation (GoU, 2007) stated, the district level technical teams play a vital role in implementing NAADS, without which the NAADS programme would not operate.
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The district technical teams ordinarily consist of the District Production Coordinator (who provides oversight of the work of the NAADS District Coordinator), the District NAADS Coordinator, the District Veterinary Officer, the District Entomologist, the District Forest Officer, the District Agricultural Officer, the District Fisheries Officer, the District Planner, the Internal Auditor, the District Information Officer, and the District Community Development Officer. The Production Department typically has a number of divisions: Entomology, Crops, Livestock, Commerce, Fisheries and, in some cases, Forestry. Many of these posts are unfilled.
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Capacity in these district Production Departments has been negatively affected by a delay in implementation of planned reforms and, over five years now, personnel have either retired or resigned but have not been replaced due to a suspension of recruitment. This situation has been further aggravated by the formation of new districts that has resulted in existing staff having to be shared, thereby spreading the available human resources ever more thinly. Very clearly, there is need to strengthen both LG capacities and MAAIF-LG coordination and plans to do this will be elaborated under DSIP.
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Actual implementation of a large proportion of DSIP activities will take place at district level and will fall under the responsibility of local governments. MAAIF and its agencies will therefore strive to improve the links with these entities. The local governments will need to establish the necessary coordination institutions and linkages with other stakeholder organisations including sub-counties, CSOs, private sector actors and farmers. Key institutions at the LG level will include the CAOs, Production Departments, Planning Units and the production sector committees. Horizontal linkages are envisaged between ULGA, ARDCs and ZARDIs.
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